By Déirdre F. Joyce, Head of Digital Library Program
The records for the ETDs (Electronic Theses and Dissertations) submitted by the Graduate School for Summer 2019 have been successfully uploaded into SURFACE with submissions from 30 different departments:
Anthropology; Art; Biology; Biomedical and Chemical Engineering; Chemistry; Civil and Environmental Engineering; Communication and Rhetorical Studies; Counseling and Human Services; Cultural Foundations of Education; Earth Sciences; Economics; Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Geography; History; Human Development and Family Science; Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics; Mass Communications; Mathematics; Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering; Media Studies; Nutrition Science and Dietetics; Physics; Political Science; Psychology; Public Administration; Public Relations; Social Sciences; Sociology; and Teaching and Leadership
50 dissertations were submitted and their records have been added to SURFACE. Almost all authors selected Open Access options.
30 items are already full open access in SURFACE.
9 additional items will be open access in SURFACE at the end of an embargo period.
3 SURFACE records were created for dissertations that were not submitted as Open Access, but which are available in ProQuest
8 SURFACE records were created for dissertations that were not submitted as Open Access, but which are currently embargoed in ProQuest
By: Euphemia Brewer Fasama (Maxwell School student from Liberia) and Prathamesh Pradip Datar (iSchool student from India), graduate student employees, working under the direction of Amanda Page, open publishing and copyright librarian
Open Access week is October 21-27, 2019. Two student voices share their opinion, according to the theme “Open for whom?”
In an era where the world’s desire for unrestricted access and instant gratification is insatiable, Open Access may be a critical answer for scholars and researchers. Open Access provides the scholar and researcher with an opportunity to download and access information, articles, and other publications types at no financial cost to readers, as long as internet access through a library or mobile device is available. There are two methods used to deliver content through Open Access: Open Access Archives or Repositories (referred to as “Green”) and Open Access Presses, Publishers, or Publications (referred to as “Gold”).
The author of the scholarly article or publication also benefits from publishing through Open Access. The author is able to have their work available for others to read, while retaining their intellectual property, rights and copyright. This format also provides them with immediate recognition and a potentially broad audience and promotes citations.
Today, a lot of public dollars are invested in research, so it stands to reason that the results of that research should be widely available through Open Access. Unfortunately, the publication of research is sometimes hidden behind financial, technical, and legal barriers. As we look at ways to share information and research freely between interested parties, we must explore all the obstacles or challenges to access and collectively identify ways to increase accessibility.
For example, according to Michelle EH Fournet’s podcast titled “Open Access Publishing and Equity, or Can I share this with my mom?” open access may not necessarily provide “equitable” access, yet. Michelle states that in most fields, especially the sciences, technical language and industry jargon is not always understood by the layman but is becoming more so over time. This poses a challenge. When terminology is broken down into everyday language, it much more translatable. Another potential obstacle is the disparity to access the internet across the globe. Without full internet access, which is impacted by financial, technical and governmental barriers, not all information is accessible. A third challenge is the disparity of appropriate support for accessibility standards by the technical platforms. Some platforms are not equipped to provide translation and/or disability services for broad access.
Although there are challenges to continue to solve, the idea of providing scholars, researchers, and authors with access to build upon an existing body of knowledge is one of many steps in the right direction. Open Access is helping scholars and researchers to collaborate and grow together as a community, sharing across the world.
When Justin arrived at Syracuse University this past summer as an Arthur O. Eve Higher Education Opportunity Program (HEOP) student, his first stop was the Syracuse University Libraries. He knew that was the place he’d be able to find information that would help him pursue his dream of making an impact on the world. What he didn’t expect is that it would also be the place where he’d find the Blackstone LaunchPad powered by Techstars (LaunchPad), the entrepreneurial and innovation hub of the University. Just a few short months later, the LaunchPad has quickly become Justin’s second home.
As a first-year civil engineering student from lower Manhattan, Justin had many interests and concerns. He was worried about the environment and wanted to do something proactive that would positively impact climate change. He was fascinated by construction and how things are made, having grown up watching Home and Garden Television. He was concerned about poverty and homelessness, not only in New York, but in other places, like the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, where his family was from. He was interested in sustainability and protecting animals. As his mentor, Linda Dickerson Hartsock, Executive Director of the LaunchPad said, “Justin had all the ingredients of a successful innovator and change agent. We saw the opportunity to help him refine a possible solution and shape a path forward.”
So Justin narrowed his focus to an area that could have maximum impact –affordable housing built from innovative, environmentally-conscious and sustainable substances. Hence grew the idea for EcoBamboo Living. After participating in the Techstars LaunchPad Start-Up Weekend at the end of September, Justin found a team of like-minded, purpose-driven, hard-working students like himself, many of whom are also minorities. Together they pitched the idea of creating an innovative construction company that helps solve sustainability challenges by designing and building affordable, beautiful, and strong bamboo homes that will withstand natural disasters. Their pitch was so effective that EcoBamboo Living won second place in the Start-up Weekend competition.
Justin is passionate about bringing this idea to life, and found a team equally committed to building a mission-based business. The team includes Cedric Georges ’23, an environmental engineering student originally from Africa; Haben Legesse ‘23, a civil engineering student originally from Ethiopia; Robert Lee III ‘23, a fellow HEOP student studying structural engineering; Serena Winter ’23, an architecture student who is also interested in being a voice for the Latinx and African American population; and the only upper-classman in the group, Sam Shorts ’20, an economics student. Together they are hoping to create a business model with four revenue drivers: growing and harvesting bamboo, providing architectural design services, construction, and serving as a consultant in the sustainable building material industry.
“As a Latino, sometimes I feel I have to prove myself to doubters. But I’m confident in my drive and desire to make a difference. That’s what touches my heart,” said Justin. Justin’s passion is driven by his strong family bonds. “Being raised by a single mom with a disability and feeling responsible to set a good example for my younger brother has pushed me to excel. When I left for college this summer, my younger brother said he’s going to try and do better in school, so that he can follow me to Syracuse University.”
So what’s next for Justin and his team? They are one of the finalists competing on the main stage in the ‘Cuse Tank Competition being held during Family Weekend on October 18. Justin is also applying for a research grant from the Office of Undergraduate Research and Creative Engagement (SOURCE) to attend “Bamboo University” in Bali and learn more about growing and using bamboo for construction. He has worked with the LaunchPad on his business model, and found help building an advisory team that includes a local real estate advisor who has expressed interest in exploring a bamboo model home. Through the LaunchPad, he also made connections to Dr. Laura Steinberg, professor of civil and environmental engineering, to work with the Syracuse Center of Excellence and the new Syracuse University Infrastructure Institute.
Justin says, “When we’re successful, we can be an inspiration to other minority-run entrepreneurs and students. Our team plans to learn and grow, and ultimately give back. That’s our motivation.”
Latinx Hispanic Heritage Month, from September 15 to October 15, celebrates Latinx Americans, and Syracuse University joins others around the world in recognizing the strong history of entrepreneurship in the Latinx community.
by Syracuse University Business, Management, and Entrepreneurship Librarian Stephanie JH McReynolds
Despite evidence to the contrary— cooler evenings, glimpses of red and golden leaves, and mid-terms on the horizon— summer feels like just a moment ago. Reflecting on this past summer’s work with the Entrepreneurship Bootcamp for Veterans (EBV) program brings forth images and snippets of research consultations and conversations with aspiring veteran entrepreneurs over the years, along with the odd sense that all these past interactions are in some ways just as immediate as the not so distant summer.
This sense of immediacy or currency is perhaps not so odd, given the circular nature of time and the seasons, as well as my work here at Syracuse University (SU) over the years. I have been involved with EBV from my first summer at SU in 2014, when I welcomed the opportunity to lead a business research instruction session for Syracuse EBV participants, as well as the chance to provide one-on-one research consultations during the evening “Genius Bar” sessions, when those with various expertise (accounting, law, etc.) are available to work with any EBV participants who need domain specific guidance (including research guidance) to help further their business ideas.
While the core library services of providing instruction on business research resources and individual research guidance have remained constants throughout my support of EBV at Syracuse, I have witnessed a major development that has greatly enhanced research support for EBV participants at Syracuse and nationwide. Previously, the available research resources varied by EBV location, with some campuses providing on-site access to library subscription databases during the one-week EBV residency and other locations extending that access to the full yearlong EBV program by designating EBV participants as students who have remote database login credentials. This uneven access, as well as the proposed solution, is described in detail in a 2013 article written by EBV librarians, including my Syracuse University EBV business librarian predecessor. Finally, in 2015, after well over 2 ½ years of effort, largely on the part of Texas A&M EBV business librarian Jared Hoppenfeld, the EBV National Info Portal, with database access donated by vendors, legal agreements handled by EBV National through Syracuse University Legal Counsel, and access facilitated via EZproxy hosted by OCLC, was realized.
The EBV National Info Portal has empowered EBV National and EBV librarians to provide every EBV participant with the same baseline access to select core business research resources, including business article databases, industry, company, and market research resources. Thanks to the generosity of participating database vendors, this access continues throughout the yearlong EBV program. The EBV Info Portal also includes contact information for each EBV librarian and a page of recommended freely available websites, selected by EBV librarians, as additional sources of business data and information. The Info Portal has relieved much of the pressure EBV librarians and certain EBV participants (those whose business ideas rely more heavily on proprietary business and industry data) had felt to make sure all possible relevant information and data was gathered during the week-long residency at the host EBV university campus.
While the EBV Info Portal has helped to close the gap in access to business information and data sources, challenges remain in providing the most appropriate and beneficial instruction session for EBV participants, whose existing level of familiarity with the research process and research databases varies as widely as each individual participant’s unique business idea and related information needs. In acknowledgement of this challenge, the time allotted for my “Orientation to Business Research” session has increased over the years from a mere 15-minute session originally, to 30 minutes, to a full hour, to 75 minutes this year. Based on feedback from EBV program organizers, I have tried different approaches to this one-shot session. In some sessions, I have focused solely on how to access and search databases and how to identify local public library and community research resources available after completing the EBV program. In other sessions, I have also introduced the concept of research as a non-linear process requiring curiosity, persistence, creativity, and patience in order to find necessary data and information. I have also led sessions that built in a significant amount of time for EBV participants to brainstorm and discuss their business ideas and research needs with one another, as a way to encourage peer support early on during the EBV residency experience.
During the 2018 and, most recently, the 2019 EBV residency instruction sessions, I shared a brief sample business idea of my own with EBV participants and then used that idea to walk through a class brainstorming exercise showing what one might already know about a new business idea as well as what type of information one might like to find. I then gave participants time to fill out a blank brainstorming worksheet about their own particular business idea. Then, using my business idea and the class brainstorming worksheet, I demonstrated strategies for identifying relevant industry codes (an early step in the business research process), followed by examples showing how to use those codes (and other search strategies) to find information relevant to my business idea in the EBV Info Portal databases, as well as in select databases that participants would only have access to while on the Syracuse University campus. I also provided students with print handouts outlining searches in key EBV Info Portal databases, to which they could refer after the session when delving into the resources on their own.
I have found that using the same sample business idea throughout the instruction session helps to unify and show the inter-relatedness of the various business resources, which can otherwise seem fragmented. Although I emphasize the benefit of watching the search strategies and examples of what one can find in the resources, it is difficult to keep the session from being derailed by individual questions and issues arising from some participants’ attempts to replicate my exact search steps along with me in real time. If the carefully planned session is less cohesive as a result, or if lingering questions remain, I assure participants that any confusion can be addressed one-on-one during one of the four Genius Bar evening sessions offered throughout the week.
The Genius Bar sessions continue to be the most personally rewarding part of the EBV experience for me. It is during these one-on-one meetings that I get to learn about an individual’s particular business idea and sometimes, if they choose to share, the impetus for the idea or what makes them passionate about pursuing it. During these research consultations, I also have the opportunity to provide custom tailored recommendations and search strategies that will lead the individual to information and data that could make a difference in the development of their business idea or in convincing others to invest in their dreams.
Initially, I did my best to cover all four evening Genius Bar sessions myself, only reaching out to certain SU librarian colleagues for coverage when I knew I would have an unavoidable scheduling conflict during one of those evening shifts. Now it is standard practice for me to reach out to a handful of colleagues before the start of the EBV residency, offering them the opportunity to adjust their regular work schedules if they feel inclined to cover an EBV Genius Bar evening. In this way, I typically get coverage from my colleagues for two of the four summer evenings. Anyone who feels like they could benefit from a business research refresher prior to the start of the EBV residency week is welcome to meet with me. In talking with colleagues after EBV, I get the sense that they find the experience just as rewarding as I do, and I am glad we get a chance to share in this positive experience together.
Although it feels as though summer is just barely behind us, I know fall really is here, followed by a long winter and reticent spring, and then summer tumbling shortly thereafter. A new summer brings another opportunity to try out a different configuration of the “Orientation to Business Research,” this time based on direct anonymous survey feedback from EBV participants, which I received for the first time after this summer’s EBV. With each iteration of this session, I hope to get closer to meeting more of the various expectations and many different information needs of EBV participants.
But, what I most look forward to is getting to know EBV participants and learning what they are passionate about, from providing excellent elder care, to bringing calm and order to the chaos of people’s homes and belongings, to preventing school shootings, to establishing an aftercare fitness center where children will receive exceptional sports coaching and training. If I can play some small part in helping participants find relevant information and data (such as demographic data from the Census Bureau, a specialized market research report, a referral to an expert in a certain subject, or a list and visualization of company data) to inform the development of their business ideas, all the better. No matter what, I learn just as much (usually more) from the participating veterans as they learn from me, which is yet another reason (beyond the sunshine and temperate weather) why I welcome summer in Syracuse.